Osberne Giffard or Gyffarde
"After 1066 William the Conqueror gave the manor to Osbern Giffard, one of his generals"
One thing that everyone seems to agree on is that Osberne Giffard came from the town of Longueville le Giffard, which is now the town of Longueville sur Scie, in Normandy. The history of the town relates that Gautier Giffard had two sons, one of whom was made the Earl of Buckingham for his support of William the Conqueror. This is shown on the plaque on the castle that overlooks the town. A plaque in the church at Dives-sur-Mer, Normandy, France, lists all the knights who said mass with William the Conqueror before setting sail to invade England. This lists Berenger Giffard, Gautier [Walter] Giffard, Count de Longueville, Osberne Giffard.
From this we deduce that Berenger became the Earl of Buckingham, though I could find no mention of Berenger Giffard on the world wide web apart from his listing as attending the mass in 1066. However there are numerous references to Walter Giffard in the Domesday book entries for Buckingham e.g. Giffard, Walter - Son of Osbern of Bolbec. Now some genealogy links suggest that Osberne of Stoke Gifford was the son of Walter De Bolbec also called Walter Giffard de Bolebec, born about 1010, son of Osbern de BOLBEC, Seigneur de Longueville. This makes Gautier [Walter] Giffard the Earl of Buckingham so is the plaque on the castle wall incorrect?
'Our' Osberne settled at Brimsfield, and died circa 1086. He built a castle there, which was the family residence until it was thrown down by Edward II in 1322. The castle, now in ruins, overlooks the small town which takes its name from the river Scie running through it.
An approximate translation of the plaque is:
Gauthier Giffard, Lord of Longueville carried the Banner of the Duke William. Departed from this land to the Battle of Hastings accompanies by his two sons, one of whom became the Duke of Buckingham.
Click on pictures below for larger images
|The River Scie||
|Photos copyright A Kerton|